The Summoning: Impure World Resurrection is a forbidden technique used to revive the dead. It was originally developed by Tobirama Senju, and later completed by Orochimaru.[2] Kabuto now claims to have mastered it to a degree even higher than them. Kabuto also claims this jutsu to be the "greatest, most powerful technique in the shinobi universe",[2] as it poses no risk at all to the user.[3]


To perform this technique, the user must first acquire some of the DNA of the person they intend to revive. Kabuto remarks that this basically amounts to grave-robbing, although blood stains or organs salvaged after the target's death also work. The soul of the intended revived must also reside in the pure world (浄土, jōdo); those whose soul has been consumed by the Death God, for example, cannot be resurrected. Next, a living sacrifice is required for the soul of the resurrected to use as a vessel.[2]

File:Edo Tensei.png

Once all prerequisites for the technique have been met, the physical remains acquired are smeared on a special scroll and once the scroll is activated, the remains spread out in the form of a special symbol with the living sacrifice in the centre of the symbol. Then dust and ash encases the sacrifice's body, giving them the same appearance that the revived had at the time of their death. The person is then revived and the end product is usually stored in a casket until summoned by the user. The user can theoretically revive a limitless number of people in this way, so long as they have enough sacrifices, chakra and DNA to perform the technique.[2]



When first summoned, the body of the resurrected is stored in a coffin; their body will appear grey and in a state of minor decay, marred by cracks and other imperfections, and the individual will also appear to be asleep. Upon awakening they retain their personality, memories, and all abilities they had in life, including kekkei genkai and kekkei tōta, but it does not seem to be able to recreate unique weapons such as Samehada. The summoned can be recalled at will by the user, causing an empty coffin to emerge and reclaim the individual, and the summoner can also use revived individuals to remotely summon coffins containing additional reinforcements.[4]


File:Edo Tensei Tag.png

After the individual has been summoned and awakened, the summoner can bind the individual to his or her will by using a special talisman, which is attached to the end of a kunai and implanted in the brain. Upon implanting the talisman, the resurrected individual will regenerate further, eliminating any remaining imperfections and restoring colour to their bodies and clothing. The summoner either remotely controls or tracks the summoned individuals using pebbles he manipulates on a simple grid, which acts as a map.[5]

Different talismans can be used to enact different degrees of control. Orochimaru's talismans completely eliminated the personalities of the summoned, turning them into mindless killing machines under his command. Kabuto prefers to use a weaker binding talisman on certain individuals, allowing them to retain some degree of their own personality. The latter method is useful for psychological warfare,[6] and can also allow the summoned individual to tap into their own emotions, memories, or creativity to enhance their effectiveness in combat,[7] but also carries a host of drawbacks; it takes more effort to retain control with the weaker binding which can make it possible for the hearts of the summoned to be swayed by strong emotions, which can result in the soul breaking free and returning to the Pure World.[4]

Even so, Kabuto can completely remove their personalities if needed, and may elect to if they resist his command too strongly. After gaining more experience with the technique, and absorbing Orochimaru's chakra from Anko Mitarashi, Kabuto exerts greater control over the summoned and can even overwrite his own talismans, greatly increasing the power of the binding.[4]


The revived are impossible to kill by normal means. Any damage they receive will regenerate, be it lost limbs or complete disintegration. Not even killing the summoner will get rid of them.[8] There are only three known methods to end the technique:

  1. Seal away the soul of the revived individual.
  2. Have the summoner end the technique. As they are unlikely to do this voluntarily, using a genjutsu to trick them into cancelling the technique is ideal. The sequence of hand seals for cancelling the technique is Dog → Horse → Tiger and saying "release" (, kai).
  3. The revived individual is affected in some emotional way that gives them closure;[9] Kankurō notes that human emotions are not so easily restrained.[10] However, this method cannot work if the summoner destroys the personality of the revived individual before their soul is freed of its bonds.[4]

Once any of these methods is accomplished, the bodies will crumble into dust, with the bodies of the sacrificed individual lying among the ashes.

Besides the three mentioned methods, the technique can also be partially combated by immobilizing the bodies in a way that it cannot move or act. Although this does not truly defeat the summoning, it is effective at neutralizing the immediate threat the revived pose in battle.

Another method of countering the effectiveness of this technique is, though not truly defeating it, if the revived people retain their personalities, they can speak against the user or themselves and give hints and advice to the opponents, as Chiyo, Dan and Asuma have done,[11][12] even if they are physically fighting against the opponents.

Known resurrected

Resurrected by Orochimaru
Name Village of origin Reason for resurrection
Hashirama Senju Konohagakure Hokage
Tobirama Senju Konohagakure Hokage
Resurrected by Kabuto
Name Village of origin Reason for resurrection
Ameyuri Ringo Kirigakure "Famous"
Asuma Sarutobi Konohagakure "Famous"
Chiyo Sunagakure "Famous"
Chūkichi Kirigakure "Famous"
Dan Katō Konohagakure "Famous"
Deidara Iwagakure Akatsuki
Fourth Kazekage Sunagakure Kage
Takigakure Jinchūriki
Fuguki Suikazan Kirigakure "Famous"
Gari Iwagakure "Famous"
Ginkaku Kumogakure "Famous"
Haku Kirigakure "Famous"
Han Iwagakure Jinchūriki
Hanzō Amegakure "Famous"
Hizashi Hyūga Konohagakure "Famous"
Itachi Uchiha Konohagakure Akatsuki
Jinin Akebino Kirigakure "Famous"
Jinpachi Munashi Kirigakure "Famous"
Kakuzu Takigakure Akatsuki
Kimimaro Otogakure "Famous"
Kinkaku Kumogakure "Famous"
Kushimaru Kuriarare Kirigakure "Famous"
Mangetsu Hōzuki Kirigakure "Famous"
Iwagakure Kage
Nagato Amegakure Akatsuki
Pakura Sunagakure "Famous"
Rōshi Iwagakure Jinchūriki
Sasori Sunagakure Akatsuki
Second Mizukage Kirigakure Kage
Shin Konohagakure "Famous"
Torune Konohagakure Demonstration for Madara
Third Raikage Kumogakure Kage
Unknown Kumo Ninja Kumogakure "Famous"
Unknown Unknown Blackmailing Madara
Utakata Kirigakure Jinchūriki
Yagura Kirigakure Jinchūriki/Kage
Yugito Nii Kumogakure Jinchūriki
Zabuza Momochi Kirigakure "Famous"


  • In chapter 117 of the manga, when Orochimaru first performs the technique, he tries to summon a third coffin. When the coffin is not summoned, he comments on its failure. Years later, in chapter 520, Kabuto explains that Orochimaru's attempt to summon the Fourth Hokage had failed due to his soul not residing in the "pure world". In episode 69 of the anime, when Orochimaru used this jutsu, the coffin briefly appears, with "four" (, Yon) written on it; though the summoning of the Fourth Hokage still fails. Based on Kabuto's demonstration, it would seem the actual failure would have occurred when Orochimaru performed the original preparatory ritual.
  • When Kabuto first approached Madara about joining forces, he summoned Deidara, Itachi, Kakuzu, Nagato, and Sasori as a demonstration of power. When Madara threatened to refuse Kabuto's offer, Kabuto summoned a sixth casket that compelled Madara to not only join forces with Kabuto, but to call him a "Madman!". The contents of the sixth casket were concealed.[13]
  • The video game, Naruto: Ultimate Ninja 2, the (non-canon) storyline contradicts the idea the soul of the revived must reside in the Pure World, as Orochimaru revives the Third Hokage no differently than anyone else he summons in the game.
  • Orochimaru had offered to use this technique to resurrect Nawaki and Dan Katō as payment for Tsunade to heal his necrotic arms.
  • Kabuto also mentions his desire to resurrect certain persons which include:
    • Jiraiya, though his body lies at the bottom of the ocean where the water pressure is too great to reach. However, he claimed that the bloodstains on the Six Paths of Pain's weapons may provide enough DNA.
    • Shisui Uchiha, but Kabuto could not find his body, though he suggested to use Shisui's crushed eye, which is in Madara's possession may be sufficient.
  • In the manga, when the First and Second Hokage were resurrected, their eyes appeared blank.[14] But in the anime version, their eyes appeared normal.[15]


  1. First Databook, page 181
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Naruto chapter 520
  3. Naruto chapter 521, page 13
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Naruto chapter 522
  5. Naruto chapter 521, page 17
  6. Naruto chapter 516, page 05
  7. Naruto chapter 513, pages 2 and 17
  8. Naruto chapter 121, page 02
  9. Naruto chapter 518, pages 17
  10. Naruto chapter 519, page 4
  11. Naruto chapter 531, page 8
  12. Naruto chapter 532, page 15
  13. Naruto chapter 490, pages 01-04
  14. Naruto chapter 118, pages 04
  15. Naruto episode 69

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